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What is the Ruling on Fasting Month of Ramadan


Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, holds immense significance in the lives of Muslims worldwide. It is a time of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and heightened devotion. Understanding the what is the ruling on fasting month of ramadan. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the essence of Ramadan fasting, its significance, and the rulings prescribed by Islamic jurisprudence.

The Essence of Ramadan Fasting

Ramadan fasting, known as Sawm, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, obligatory for all adult Muslims, with certain exceptions. The primary purpose of fasting is to attain Taqwa, or God-consciousness. Muslims abstain from food, drink, smoking, and marital relations from dawn (Fajr) until sunset (Maghrib), focusing on spiritual growth, self-discipline, and empathy towards the less fortunate.

The Ruling on Fasting Month of Ramadan

According to Islamic jurisprudence, fasting during Ramadan is obligatory for every mentally and physically capable adult Muslim. The Quran explicitly states: “O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous” (Quran 2:183). The fast begins at dawn and ends at sunset, with specific guidelines regarding its observance.

what is the ruling on fasting month of ramadan

Conditions for Fasting

Fasting in Ramadan is incumbent upon those who fulfill certain conditions:

  1. Muslim Identity: Only Muslims are obliged to fast during Ramadan.
  2. Puberty: Fasting becomes obligatory upon reaching puberty.
  3. Sanity: Individuals must be of sound mind to fulfill the obligation of fasting.
  4. Physical Health: Those physically capable of fasting without harm to their health are obligated to do so.
  5. Residency: Fasting is obligatory upon those who are not traveling.
what is the ruling on fasting month of ramadan

Exceptions and Exemptions

While fasting is obligatory for most Muslims during Ramadan, certain exemptions and exceptions exist:

  • Illness: Those with acute illness or conditions where fasting may exacerbate their health are exempted.
  • Pregnancy and Nursing: Pregnant or nursing women are exempt if fasting poses a risk to their health or that of their child.
  • Travel: Travelers have the option to fast or postpone their fast and make it up later.
  • Menstruation: Menstruating women are excused from fasting during their menstrual cycle and must make up for missed fasts afterward.

Conclusion: What is the Ruling on Fasting Month of Ramadan

In conclusion, the ruling on fasting during the month of Ramadan is clear and unequivocal. It is obligatory for mentally and physically capable adult Muslims, with exemptions for certain circumstances. Ramadan fasting is not merely abstaining from food and drink; it is a profound spiritual journey that fosters self-discipline, empathy, and devotion to God.


  1. Can children fast during Ramadan? Children are not obligated to fast until they reach puberty. However, some may choose to fast for a few hours as practice under parental guidance.
  2. What if someone breaks their fast intentionally? Intentionally breaking the fast without a valid reason is considered a grave sin in Islam. Repentance and making up for the missed fast are necessary.
  3. Is it permissible to fast on behalf of someone else? While it’s commendable to fast on behalf of deceased loved ones or those unable to fast due to illness, it’s not a substitute for their obligation.